CMDS 228
Anatomy and Physiology of Speech Processes
3 chs, Spring 2012



Perry C. Hanavan, Au.D.


MWF 9:00-9:50 am


MC 219


MC 220


(605) 274-4629


MWF-10:00 - 11:00 am





A study of the anatomy and physiology of the speech mechanism. Included will be an emphasis on the pathologies of the oral-aural systems.


The mission of the course is to empower participants with an understanding of the communication process that encourages a sense of belonging, independence, generosity, and mastery.

Belonging is an integral part of society. A communication disorder can result in a sense of non-participation for persons who experience speech, language and hearing impairments. Participants will examine the anatomical and physiological aspects of the normal and impaired processes of communication disorders and processes that will assist with a sense of belonging for individuals with communication disorders.
Independence is a critical component for interacting successfully in society. Participants will examine the anatomical and physiological aspects of the normal and impaired processes of communication disorders, and examine resources that will assist persons with communication disorders with gaining a sense of independence.
Generosity may be demonstrated through empathy, caring, concern, service, etc. Participants will examine resources which create communication climates that develop generosity within individuals with communication disorders and their communication partners.
Mastery is one of the keys for demonstrating preparedness, responsibility, competence, etc. Participants will examine concepts which foster understanding of communication for individuals with hearing loss and their communication partners.




Students with identified special needs should meet with the course instructor within the first week of class to coordinate and finalize arrangements for appropriate accommodations.




Policies related to issues of academic integrity/academic dishonesty as outlined in the college’s Student Handbook will be observed.


As a community of scholars, the students and faculty at Augustana College commit to the highest standards of excellence by mutually embracing an Honor Code.  The Honor Code requires that examinations and selected assignments contain the following pledge statement to which students are expected to sign:

On my honor, I pledge that I have upheld the Honor Code, and that the work I have done on this assignment has been honest, and that the work of others in this class has, to the best of my knowledge, been honest as well.

Faculty members are responsible for investigating all instances involving any student who does not sign the Honor Pledge or who bring forward an academic integrity concern.  The complete Honor Code can be found at


"Likely consequences for violating the Honor Code may result in a minimum grade of zero or failure for the assignment in question, or a failing grade on the exam or the entire course.  Severity of penalties may depend on whether the violation is a student's first incident of academic dishonesty."




Technology Projects: Create Google Drive Spreadsheet Document.
Classroom:  Lecture, guest lectures, video, group and individual learning experiences, discussions, etc.
Web Based Learning Experiences:  Extensive use of the Virtual Tour of the Ear website and other relevant websites, etc.
Multimedia:  CD-ROM with graphics of anatomy, quizzes, etc.



There will be four exams, primarily objective in nature including the final.  Projects are equivalent of 1/8th of the grade, attendance at off-campus professional meetings, and tests 6/8th of the final grade.

90-100%           = A
80-89%             = B
70-79%             = C
60-69%             = D
Below 60%        = F



The course Google Drive spreadsheet document created as outlined in the project assignment is an appropriate document for inclusion in the student portfolio.



Anatomy and Physiology for Speech, Language, and Hearing (4rd Ed.), Seikel, JA, King, DW, & Drumright, DG, N, Delmar Learning, 2010.


Punctual and regular attendance as well as classroom participation is expected for all class meetings.  Punctual and regular attendance is a reflection of your commitment to the course and the profession.  Students who display a pattern of poor attendance, participation and/or commitment including but not limited to habitual tardiness, excessive absences, late work, etc., should be aware that this will have an impact upon the final course grade.  Scheduling of medical appointments, meetings, and other events etc., during the scheduled class time does not constitute an excused absence. Schedule travel arrangements AFTER the final.  The student is responsible to make-up missed material when absent from class. The student is responsible to make-up missed material when absent from class.  I suggest that a student review notes from other students when absent from class.

Scheduled Test Periods: 

Students must be present during scheduled exam periods unless excused by the Dean of Students, the School Health Nurse or Physician provides a written note; otherwise the student will receive a failing grade for that test. Students must take the Final exam during the scheduled time period.  Lack of time to study, too busy, are not acceptable excuses from scheduled test times. Students whose Plan of Care indicates exams will be administered outside the classroom will be responsible for scheduling the exam with the Social Studies Division Secretaries and will take the exam at the scheduled day and time as other students.  If this is unacceptable, the student will be responsible for coordinating with the Coordinator of Services, supervision of tests.

Individual Study: 

If students are experiencing difficulty understanding the course material, please contact the course instructor.  There are no make-up tests or make-up assignments to raise grades. Students are encouraged to study well in advance for exams.  Students perform much better on exams when students review material periodically rather than a day or two before the exam.  When assignments are late, the grade will be reduced by 10 points each day.  It is recommended that students re-write class notes each day. This helps retain information and prepares one for the exams.  Please read the text prior to class discussion. Do not delay in reading the assigned material well in advance of the exam.  Students should review course material periodically throughout the semester rather than several days before an exam.  Assignments and exam dates are posted on the calendar so students can prepare in advance for exams and class discussion.  The Virtual Tour of the Ear has been developed as a resource and tool for this course.  Access and utilize the Virtual Tour of the Ear resources routinely throughout the course.

Web Based Projects: 

The following projects will be completed during the first week of the course:

·         Visit to begin practicing course material

·         Visit the Virtual Tour of the Ear website

·         Visit the Visible Human Project

·         Visit the ADAM Medical Encyclopedia

·         Use the YourDictionaryWebster On-line Dictionary, On-Line Medical Dictionary, Medical Encyclopedia, Gray’s Anatomy online


            Zemlin, Seikel, King, and Drumright


Google Drive Spreadsheet Project:  The student will create a Google Drive spreadsheet document regarding the items below.  Generate the following for your electronic portfolio including graphics using Google Drive spreadsheet document and create a link for the instructor to view the completed project:

    1. a reference table for 100 common medical suffixes and prefixes
    2. a reference table for the intrinsic muscles of the larynx (phonation), function, attachment, innervation, etc.
    3. a reference table for the extrinsic muscles of the larynx (phonation), function, attachment, innervation etc.
    4. a reference table for the muscles of respiration, inhalation/exhalation, function, origin, attachment and innervation, (both thoracic and abdominal), etc
    5. a reference table for the facial muscles, function, origin,  attachment, and innervation, etc.
    6. a reference table for the intrinsic and extrinsic tongue muscles, function, origin, attachment, and innervation, etc.
    7. a reference table for the intrinsic and extrinsic soft palate or velum muscles, function, origin, attachment, and innervation, etc.
    8. a reference table for the pharyngeal muscles, function, origin, attachment, and innervation, etc
    9. a reference table for the muscles of mastication, function, origin, attachment, and innervation, etc.
    10. a reference table for the cranial nerves (include Roman numeral, name, whether motor-sensory-both, function(s), symptoms of pathology, etc.
    11. a reference table for the lobes of the brain (limbic, occipital, parietal, temporal, frontal, major functions, symptoms of pathology, etc.


  1. Introduction to Anatomy and Physiology
    1. identify and describe the anatomical position
    2. identify and describe the planes of reference
    3. identify and describe tissue and organ systems of the human body
    4. identify and describe the systems of language and speech
    5. identify the common medical prefixes and suffixes
  2. Anatomy and Physiology of Respiration
    1. define breathing and describe the physics of breathing and spoken language
    2. define and describe the anatomy and physiology of the trachea, lungs, diaphragm, and pleurae
    3. identify and describe the functions of the spinal column, the rib cage, the pectoral girdle, and the pelvic girdle
    4. identify the musculature and describe the function of the musculature for the breathing mechanism
    5. describe the functions of the muscles of respiration spoken language
    6. identify and describe the various pressures and volumes of spoken language and breathing
  3. Anatomy and Physiology of Phonation
    1. describe the biological and non-biological functions of the larynx
    2. identify the structures of the larynx
    3. describe the mechanisms and functions of the laryngeal structures
    4. identify and describe the intrinsic and extrinsic musculature of the larynx
  4. Anatomy and Physiology of Articulation and Resonation
    1. identify and describe the bones of the cranium and facial skeleton
    2. identify and describe the function of the sinuses
    3. describe the function of the vocal tract cavities
    4. identify the articulators and describe their functions
    5. identify and describe the anatomy and physiology of the articulators
  5. Physiology of Mastication and Deglutition
    1. Identify and describe the mechanisms and physiology of mastication
    2. Identify and describe the mechanisms and physiology of deglutition
  6. Anatomy and Physiology of the Auditory Mechanism
    1. state the function of the auditory mechanism
    2. state the function of the outer ear: pinna and external auditory meatus
    3. identify and label the divisions of the peripheral hearing mechanism
    4. identify and label the anatomy of the outer ear
    5. define: epithelium, auricle, cerumen, meatus, pinna state the functions of the middle ear and its structures: tympanic membrane, ossicles, muscles, Eustachian tube and mastoid air cells
    6. state the function of the intra-aural reflexes and diagram the pathway through which they are elicited
    7. describe the state the purposes of the area-ratio and lever hypothesis
    8. identify and label the structures of the middle ear
    9. define: tympanic membrane, annulus, intra-aural reflex, mastoid, tegmen, epi-, nasopharynx, mucous membrane, fundus, pars flaccida, pars tensa, umbo, cilia, round window, oval window, ossicle, facial nerve, trigeminal nerve, antrum
    10. state the functions of the inner ear and its structures: semicircular canals, saccule, utricle, and cochlea
    11. label and identify the structure of the vestibular mechanism
    12. label and identify the structures of the auditory mechanism of the inner ear
    13. name and describe the theories of hearing
    14. define: ampulla, basilar membrane, cochlea, organ of Corti, endolymph, perilymph, helicotrema, labyrinth, saccule, scala, semicircular canals, stria vascularis, tectorial membrane, transduce, utricle, vestibule, hair cells, Reissner's membrane
  7. Neuroanatomy and Neurophysiology
    1. identify the gross anatomy of the peripheral and central nervous system
    2. identify the anatomy and function of the CNS and PNS
    3. describe the functional neuroanatomy for speech, language and hearing







Links to Anatomy and Physiology Websites:


Last updated 1 Feb 2012